Since the invention of the ever-so-famous amateur radio, we have seen the hobbyist excelling tremendously in this field and applying their knowledge to various other walks of life. These enthusiasts have worked hard and with sheer determination throughout their career and have managed to make lives better in many diverse ways.
Radio amateurs have been proving themselves as the true representatives of this hobby from each aspect of their commitment to it. These operators are not allowed to share any content related to entertainment on air through this network. This radio has come into existence as a means of connecting people by using the airwaves and helping them stay connected when all other means of communication are down. Amateur radio operations can only be carried out over some specified bands of the radio spectrum. There are several methods of modulation used for determining this like Morse code, image modes and voice and digital modes.
Time of Discoveries
In 1888, Heinrich Rudolf Hertz proved through experiments the existence and the nature of the radio waves in our normal environment. These waves were later utilized to form a communication system based on them in 1890s by Guglielmo Marconi. After this, the Amateur radios emerged on the scene. Initially the information about these waves was unclear and was not known by the name by which we all know them now i.e. radio waves. Some magazines published in 1901 however showed the method to establish a personal communication system based on these new waves. Then the publications that followed were full of stories depicting the success of the amateurs in making and running these systems so adroitly.
One of the famous stories was that of the two Boston guys having a transmitter and receiver of their own with a range of about eight miles and another example was of those two Rhode Island teenagers who used a chicken coop to create their personalized station.
1910: Birth of the first Wireless Club
In 1910, the first ever national radio society in the world was established with the name of ‘The Wireless Institute of Australia (WIA)’. It was a huge milestone and led straight to the establishment of the first Wireless Club of Great Britain in Derby in 1911. J. Parsons assumed the responsibility of being the first Secretary of the institute and the station adopted a call sign of QIX. Soon a lending library was also set up. On August 12, 1912, the Amateur Radio Movement started with full swing.
Between the WARS
By 1917, amateur radio activity was somewhat stopped due to the chaos of World War 1. All the operators in the U.S. were ordered by the Congress to quit working on their equipment and put an end to it altogether. But as soon as the war was over, amateur radio service was relieved and amateurs were free to pursue their hobby from October 1, 1919.
In 1921, American hams challenged their contemporaries in the UK to get their hands on the radio contacts from across the Atlantic zone. Soon both these parts of the world had started communicating with each other through their amateur radios and were able to be heard worldwide by 1922.
The International Amateur contacts obtained during this span of time became the reason behind the beginning of the first International Radiotelegraph Conference, held in Washington, DC, the USA in 1927-28. This conference defined the standard international amateur radio bands of 80/75, 40, 20 and 10 meters as well as the radio callsign prefixes and everything was officially declared through a treaty.
During the World War II, the amateur radio activity was stopped again but this time, the U.S. government created the War emergency radio service that would keep working throughout 1945. After the end of war, the normal amateur radio operations were resumed.
Birth of FCC
The broadcast industry of the U.S. was running without any rules by then and because of that reason, there was nothing organized in this industry. For bringing everything in a proper order, Congress approved a new act called the Radio Act in 1927 and established the Federal Radio Commission (FRC) to check its enforcement. Its title was changed to the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) under the new act called the Communications Act of 1934 that was approved keeping in consideration all means of communication running alongside the radios.
Packet Radio Invention
A new concept of Packet transmission was introduced by the “Groupe de Montréal” in 1977. Later, the teams from the American Amateur Radio Research and Development Corporation (AMRAD) ) took initiative to upgrade this invention. So AMRAD collaborated with AMSAT to arrange the first amateur radio computer networking conference in March 1980. During the same era, At the same time, the first terminal node controllers came into being as a result of the efforts put in by the experts working with the Tucson Amateur Packet Radio (TAPR). Later the Vancouver Amateur Digital Communication Group (VADCG) developed these controllers to introduce a better version.
MOST Recent News
2004: Professor Villard, SK
On January 2004 Oswald Garrison “Mike” Villard, W6QYT, “Mr. SSB” was passed away at the age of 87.
One of his most appreciated works, Pr Villard contributed a great deal towards long-distance radio communication and explained in detail the process of bouncing back of the radio signals after hitting the ionosphere. He proved the importance of the “Meteor Scatter” activity.
Removal of Morse code
Till today, Morse code can be seen nowhere because it is way too difficult for the normal operators to master this language. In July 2005, the FCC officaly announced to drop the Morse code from all classes of licenses with the aim of achieveing the following target: “encourage individuals who are interested in communications technology, or who are able to contribute to the advancement of the radio art, to become amateur radio operators.”
2015: WRC approved the 60-m band
The 5 MHz band had been in use since 2003 in various countries of the world as allowed by their respective national administration. Now the 60-m band will also be in use from 1st January 2017 and will be allocated as a low power means to be used on secondary basis.
The expected amateur band will include the frequency range of 5250 to 5450 kHz with limited powers from 15 W to 25 W EIRP that will depend on the country where the radio is being operated.
This 60 m allocation will offer a midway solution to the huge propagation gap between the 80 m and the 40 m bands and ensures that the communication is stable throughout the day no matter at what distance the radio is working.